Protective clothing belongs to the category of commonly used personal protective equipment that protects the worker's body against the fundamental hazards that occur in the workplace.
According to Directive 89/686 / EEC on the safety and health protection requirements for workers with regard to personal protective equipment used at work, the products are divided into three safety categories depending on the level of risk to which a worker may be exposed when performing a certain type of work.
Protection categories In terms of body protection, this classification is as follows:
Protective clothing to protect against minimal risks. Protective clothing in this category is a basic design and the assessment of its effectiveness depends on the user's own assessment. When a particular type of hazard increases, the effects can be identified easily and in a timely manner by the worker. Category I includes in particular clothing that protects against: stains that are harmless to health (weak cleaning agents, etc.) whose effects are easily reversible, mechanical damage to the surface, risks associated with the hot factor, assuming a low risk, weather conditions (low temperature, rain).
Protective clothing that does not provide protection against the minimum risk (Cat. I) or against a threat to life or health (Cat. III). Category II protection includes clothing that protects against a specific factor that does not threaten life or health and that does not cause permanent damage to the worker's health. Examples of clothing that falls into category II: Protective clothing against cuts, Clothing that reduces the hazards during welding - for welders and related professions, High visibility clothing (for road services).
Protective clothing with a complex structure to protect against threats to the life or health of the worker. Category III includes specialist clothing with the task of providing protection against factors that can have the most dangerous consequences for the employee and whose direct effects cannot be recognized in time. This group includes: Specialized anti-chemical suits, Protective clothing against ionizing radiation, flame, temperature higher than 100 °C or large splashes of hot substances, Clothing that protects against low temperatures (below - 50 °C), Clothing designed to work under high voltage electrical power. The protective properties are mainly determined by the properties of the materials (thickness, impregnation, special fiber fabric) and the way the garment is made (special seams). Due to the protected element of the body, protective clothing is divided into: Torso protective clothing, Clothing that protects parts of the torso, Headgear.
List of standards for the body protection group EN ISO 13688 (replaces EN340)
This International Standard specifies general requirements for workmanship, ergonomics, harmlessness, sizing, aging, compatibility and labeling of protective clothing, and the information that the manufacturer must provide with the product. This International Standard is intended to be used only in conjunction with other standards that define performance requirements and cannot be used as a standalone base document.